Volume 191, Issue 1

1. Link Residual Closeness of Harary Graphs

Ch. Dangalchev.
The study of networks characteristics is an important subject in different fields, like math, chemistry, transportation, social network analysis etc. The residual closeness is one of the most sensitive measure of graphs vulnerability. In this article we calculate the link residual closeness of Harary graphs.

2. Two sufficient conditions for graphs to admit path factors

Sizhong Zhou ; Jiancheng Wu.
Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a set of connected graphs. Then a spanning subgraph $A$ of $G$ is called an $\mathcal{A}$-factor if each component of $A$ is isomorphic to some member of $\mathcal{A}$. Especially, when every graph in $\mathcal{A}$ is a path, $A$ is a path factor. For a positive integer $d\geq2$, we write $\mathcal{P}_{\geq d}=\{P_i|i\geq d\}$. Then a $\mathcal{P}_{\geq d}$-factor means a path factor in which every component admits at least $d$ vertices. A graph $G$ is called a $(\mathcal{P}_{\geq d},m)$-factor deleted graph if $G-E'$ admits a $\mathcal{P}_{\geq d}$-factor for any $E'\subseteq E(G)$ with $|E'|=m$. A graph $G$ is called a $(\mathcal{P}_{\geq d},k)$-factor critical graph if $G-Q$ has a $\mathcal{P}_{\geq d}$-factor for any $Q\subseteq V(G)$ with $|Q|=k$. In this paper, we present two degree conditions for graphs to be $(\mathcal{P}_{\geq3},m)$-factor deleted graphs and $(\mathcal{P}_{\geq3},k)$-factor critical graphs. Furthermore, we show that the two results are best possible in some sense.

3. A strong Gram classification of non-negative unit forms of Dynkin type A

J. A. Jimenez Gonzalez.
An integral quadratic form q is usually identified with a bilinear form b such that its Gram matrix with respect to the canonical basis is upper triangular. Two integral quadratic forms are called strongly (resp. weakly) Gram congruent if their corresponding upper triangular bilinear forms (resp. their symmetrizations) are equivalent. If q is unitary, such upper triangular bilinear form is unimodular, and one considers the associated Coxeter transformation and its characteristic polynomial, the so-called Coxeter polynomial of q with this identification. Two strongly Gram congruent quadratic unit forms are weakly Gram congruent and have the same Coxeter polynomial. Here we show that the converse of this statement holds for the connected non-negative case of Dynkin type A_r and arbitrary corank, and use this characterization to complete a combinatorial classification of such quadratic forms started in [Fundamenta Informaticae 184(1):49-82, 2021] and [Fundamenta Informaticae 185(3):221-246, 2022].