In this paper, we deal with hamiltonicity in planar cubic graphs G having a facial 2-factor Q via (quasi) spanning trees of faces in G/Q and study the algorithmic complexity of finding such (quasi) spanning trees of faces. Moreover, we show that if Barnette's Conjecture is false, then hamiltonicity in 3-connected planar cubic bipartite graphs is an NP-complete problem.

Given a subset of $X\subseteq \mathbb{R}^{n}$ we can associate with every point $x\in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ a vector space $V$ of maximal dimension with the property that for some ball centered at $x$, the subset $X$ coincides inside the ball with a union of lines parallel with $V$. A point is singular if $V$ has dimension $0$. In an earlier paper we proved that a $(\mathbb{R}, +,< ,\mathbb{Z})$-definable relation $X$ is actually definable in $(\mathbb{R}, +,< ,1)$ if and only if the number of singular points is finite and every rational section of $X$ is $(\mathbb{R}, +,< ,1)$-definable, where a rational section is a set obtained from $X$ by fixing some component to a rational value. Here we show that we can dispense with the hypothesis of $X$ being $(\mathbb{R}, +,< ,\mathbb{Z})$-definable by assuming that the components of the singular points are rational numbers. This provides a topological characterization of first-order definability in the structure $(\mathbb{R}, +,< ,1)$. It also allows us to deliver a self-definable criterion (in Muchnik's terminology) of $(\mathbb{R}, +,< ,1)$- and $(\mathbb{R}, +,< ,\mathbb{Z})$-definability for a wide class of relations, which turns into an effective criterion provided that the corresponding theory is decidable. In particular these results apply to the class of $k-$recognizable relations on reals, and allow us to prove that it is decidable whether a $k-$recognizable relation (of any arity) is $l-$recognizable […]

This paper presents the universal address sequence generator (UASG) for memory built-in-self-test. The studies are based on the proposed universal method for generating address sequences with the desired properties for multirun march memory tests. As a mathematical model, a modification of the recursive relation for quasi-random sequence generation is used. For this model, a structural diagram of the hardware implementation is given, of which the basis is a storage device for storing so-called direction numbers of the generation matrix. The form of the generation matrix determines the basic properties of the generated address sequences. The proposed UASG generates a wide spectrum of different address sequences, including the standard ones, such as linear, address complement, gray code, worst-case gate delay, $2^i$, next address, and pseudorandom. Examples of the use of the proposed methods are considered. The result of the practical implementation of the UASG is presented, and the main characteristics are evaluated.